The simple answer is yes, you can. However, there are some caveats when it comes to deducting contributions from your IRA if you participate in both types of plans. Fortunately, to get your retirement savings, you can contribute to both types of retirement accounts. Previously, you could contribute to a Roth IRA indefinitely, but you couldn't contribute to a traditional IRA after age 70 and a half.
If your income is over the limit, you can still make non-deductible contributions to a traditional IRA. There are several key differences between IRAs and employer-sponsored retirement plans, such as 401 (k), that can make both worth contributing to. However, under the new SECURE Act (Setting Every Community Up for Retirement Enhanced), you can now contribute to a traditional IRA for as long as you want. By contributing to a traditional pre-tax IRA, you get the benefit of an initial tax deduction.
Roth IRAs also don't have a minimum required distribution or a maximum contribution age, so if you save later in life, a Roth makes a lot of sense. Yes, you can contribute to an IRA after you retire, but you'll need to have a certain amount of “earned income” to do so. Whether you use a Roth or a traditional IRA for those contributions depends on your tax situation. You can contribute to a traditional or Roth IRA even if you participate in another retirement plan through your employer or company.
This is useful if you are also not eligible to contribute to a Roth IRA and can execute the clandestine Roth IRA strategy. Traditional IRAs are subject to the same RMD rules as 401 (k) and other employer-sponsored retirement plans. However, you may not be able to deduct all of your traditional IRA contributions if you or your spouse participate in another retirement plan at work. Companies usually match a percentage of the employee's contribution and add it to the 401 (k) account.
It's also important to note that these are the income limits for directly contributing to a Roth IRA. You can't contribute to a 401 (k) plan after you leave your job, so if you want to continue adding money to your retirement funds, you'll need to transfer your accounts to an IRA. In addition to the limits for married taxpayers filing separately, the Roth IRA income limits are significantly more generous than the deductible limits of traditional IRAs for participants in employer-sponsored retirement plans.